Yorkshire and Humberside
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Moors, cliffs, fossils
In the Northeast of England it's possible to see many different landscapes and dramatic changes of scenery. The Pennines are in the west, and are divided by the Dales, long valleys running from east to west. Cross Fell at 790 metres is the highest Pennine peak in Yorkshire. Streams go through the Dales and then flow into the river Humber. The area has scenic waterfalls and limestone landscapes. East of the Pennines lie the Central Lowlands; even further east are the higher Cleveland Hills, the Yorkshire Wolds, and the North York Moors.
The Yorkshire Heritage Coast is east of the wild, attractive North York Moors. On the Heritage Coast you'll find walking trails, cliffs, coves, colonies of seabirds, Jurassic fossils: the latter could explain why it has been nicknamed 'The Dinosaur Coast'.
On the eastern edge of The North Yorkshire Moors National Park is the rugged Yorkshire coastline with superb views, beautiful scenery and coastal walks.
The Eastern Yorkshire coast varies: from golden beaches to rocks, from coves to towering cliffs. It has seaside resorts popular with families, lively and offering many forms of entertainment, but also tiny ports and deserted seascapes where wind and waves are the only animated souls.
In the hinterland are the North York Moors and the hilly Yorkshire Wolds, with picturesque country towns, historic houses, and wild landscapes.
East Coast places worth a visit are the resort of Scarborough; Filey, which was once the location of one of the most famous and biggest Butlins Holiday Camps in Britain and is now a charming seaside village; Staithes, a pretty coastal town, attractive in particular to geologists for its fossils.
Interesting historical sites near the coast are the medieval Helmsley Castle and the ruins of Rievaulx Abbey.
The Coast to Coast Walk
The Coast To Coast Walk, despite not being one of Britain's official National Trails, is one of the country's most famous long-distance walking paths.
The Coast to Coast Walk is sometimes called Wainright's Coast to Coast Walk or Wainright's Way, because it was first described by Alfred Wainwright, writer of a popular series of guide books on mountain walks in the The Lake District.
The Walk goes across the North of England, from the Irish Sea at St Bees to the North Sea at Robin Hoods Bay on North Yorkshire's Eastern Coast, passing through three major national parks: the North Yorkshire Moors, the Yorkshire Dales and the Lake District.
These three Parks contain among the most scenic and varied landscapes in Britain: rugged mountains, romantic lakes, gentle hills, lovely wooded valleys, vast heather moorlands where the view has no limits, arable farmlands, spectacular coastlines west and east of them.
And market towns, dry stone walls, historic villages, cobbled streets, castles, rivers.
Finally, the Coast to Coast Walk goes along the breathtaking clifftop path that ends in the red-roofed village of Robin Hood's Bay. Relax on its beach, or visit nearby the old maritime town of Whitby with its ruined abbey and its Captain Cook Museum.
This long trail takes 10-15 days to complete, depending on the route. April to October is the best time of the year for this walk.
The main industries of this vast area are engineering and textiles, predominantly based in West and South Yorkshire. In the past, Yorkshire's coalfields provided much of the fuel used in British industry and played a major role in the development of the Industrial Revolution, but most coal mines are now closed.
The industrial conurbation of West Yorkshire, on the eastern side of the Pennines watershed, has a profile similar to that of the North West: its valley mills are involved in the manufacture of woolen textiles, clothing, machine tools, and electronics. There are also financial and commercial centres.
West Yorkshire, whose prosperity previously depended on coal production, has recently spread into more varied sectors of industry, the most important of which are chocolate, glass, chemicals, and engineering. There, too, industrialism has left ugly scars.
The main cities in West Yorkshire are Leeds and Bradford. This region shows a rugged independence of character which finds expression in a tough style of humour.
In South Yorkshire is Sheffield, whose cutlery, silver plate and steel industries are world renowned. Tourism is also an industry in Yorkshire, due to the pretty coastline in the east (North York Moors National Park) and the beautiful valleys of the Yorkshire Dales National Park in the west.
Kingston Upon Hull is a historic port on the river Humber. The old warehouses have been redeveloped as flats and its old port area has been turned into a Heritage Centre.